Port of Haines
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The population here is only 2,500, and you can easily walk around the town in an hour or two. Only a few cruise ships visit here, which is a big bonus: Haines is not at all touristy (at least not yet). This is a place where you can mingle with locals, chat with a lumberjack at the Pioneer Bar and maybe even hear about how someone had a bear in their backyard the night before.
The first people to call the Chilkat Valley home were the Tlingit. In the 1800s, fishermen -- including Indians and imported laborers from China -- began commercially fishing the waters.
Missionaries arrived later, in 1879, led by S. Hall Young and the naturalist John Muir, and made the area a base for converting the Chilkoot and Chilkat Tlingit tribes to Christianity. The town was actually named for Francina Haines, who was secretary to the Presbyterian Home Missions Board (she never actually visited the town, but helped raise funds for the exploration).
The next chapter in Haines' history was the arrival of prospectors, who began stopping by in 1897 on their way to the Klondike in search of gold; the precious metal was also discovered about 36 miles away in Porcupine, though it quickly petered out there. Then it was the turn of the U.S. military, which decamped here in 1903 at a time when America was concerned about border disputes with Canada. They chose the place for its protected location and set up the first permanent Army post in Alaska, Fort William H. Seward.
The fort was used until after World War II when it was decommissioned after 42 years of service. The veterans who stayed started local businesses, including a salmon smokehouse and the Hotel Halsingland, established art galleries and funded Indian arts training programs for local kids, including the Alaska Indian Arts Cultural Center at Fort Seward. Preservation efforts were put in place by one group who bought the fort's 85 buildings from the government in 1947 with the goal of turning it into a utopian art and business community – galleries and small shops exist there today.
Haines is also blessed with surrounding natural areas and wildlife in what is known as the "Valley of the Eagles." The area is a magnet for bald eagles, drawn by the warm open water and abundant supply of salmon. More than 3,500 of the birds visit from October to February – during that time a dozen eagles may share a single tree limb. But even during the May to September cruise season there's a resident population of several hundred. And if you head out of town you're likely to see plenty of them – on a bike ride to Chilkoot Lake (about 10 miles from the ship pier) we counted eight bald eagles.
Note: If you aren't on a ship that visits Haines, you can still get here easily on the fast ferry from Skagway. The two communities are both at the northern end of the Lynn Canal, about 35 minutes apart. Haines makes a great side trip, especially if you've been to Skagway before. Roundtrip ferry fares are $54 for adults and half price for kids.
Top Haines Itineraries
Maasdam21-day Ultimate Alaska & Pacific Northwest AdventurerSan Francisco, Ketchikan, Sitka, Homer, Kodiak, Haines, Juneau, Wrangell, Vancouver, Victoria, Astoria, Oregon , San FranciscoNow
Noordam14-day Alaska Roundtrip Collectors' VoyageVancouver, Ketchikan, Juneau, Skagway, Glacier Bay, Seward, Glacier Bay, Haines, Juneau, Ketchikan, VancouverNow
Grand Princess10 Night Alaska CruiseSan Francisco, Juneau, Haines, Ketchikan, Victoria, San FranciscoNow
Azamara Quest10 Night Alaska Intensive VoyageSeward, Icy Strait, Haines, Skagway, Sitka, Juneau, Ketchikan, Victoria, VancouverNow
Silver Muse10 Night Alaska CruiseSeward, Sitka, Haines, Juneau, Wrangell, Ketchikan, Prince Rupert, VancouverNow
Where You're Docked
Thanks to a newly expanded dock, you no longer have to tender from big ships into Haines. Small ships dock at the nearby Native American-owned ferry terminal, which also has a small souvenir shop. Both docks are within walking distance of most of the town's main attractions.
You can walk from the pier to Fort William H. Seward and into town. Pick up some walking-tour information on Haines at the visitor center (122 Second Ave.). It's open in summer Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. and weekends 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
You can walk pretty much everywhere in town, but if you want to go see the eagles you can rent a car from Eagles Nest Car Rental (1069 Haines Highway, 907-766-2891) from $49 per day. Taxi service is available from Haines Shuttle and Tours (907-766-3138). Since supplies of taxis are limited you're best off reserving in advance.
Food and Drink
The Local Catch (907-766-3557), on Portage Street near Dejon Delights, is an open-air stand selling Thai and vegetarian dishes, fish tacos, sandwiches, coffee and sweets. Pioneer Bar and Bamboo Room Restaurant (Main Street near Second Avenue, 907-766-2800) will remind you of "Northern Exposure." It's a local bar with a pool table and darts in the corner. The restaurant is open for breakfast, lunch and dinner, and the house specialty is halibut and chips. For a cocktail, stop by the Officers Club Lounge at the Halsingland Hotel (907-766-2000). It opens at 4:30 p.m. daily and features a pub menu and local beers. The hotel's fancier Commander's Room serves New American cuisine for dinner only.
Smoked salmon or halibut.