Baltimore, Maryland's largest city, is called Charm City because of its multitude and variety of attractions, restaurants, culture, sports and some of the friendliest people you'll meet. It's vibrant and exciting, with all the advantages of a bigger city without the airs.
Founded in 1729, the city was named after Lord Baltimore and established as a major East Coast seaport. Its most significant moment in national history occurred at the battle at Fort McHenry from September 12-15, 1814, which became a turning point in the War of 1812. British troops had triumphantly burned and looted Washington, D.C., and were heading toward Baltimore to ferret out what they believed was a den of pirates and privateers who had been attacking British ships. They first assaulted nearby North Point, which delayed the British Royal Navy enough for defenders to prepare for the skirmish at Fort McHenry. The overnight battle resulted in the British withdrawal and inspired Francis Scott Key to write the poem, "Defence of Fort McHenry," which became "The Star-Spangled Banner," now the U.S. national anthem.
Baltimore is still a thriving port city, complemented by numerous cultural and sports attractions and a first-class culinary scene. Once full of abandoned and decrepit warehouses, the Inner Harbor is now home to the Maryland Science Center, the Baltimore World Trade Center (an I.M. Pei-designed building that is the tallest equilateral pentagonal building in the world), Harborplace (a festival marketplace with retail outlets and restaurants) and the National Aquarium, as well as the American Visionary Art Museum, the Science Center, Power Plant (a dining and entertainment complex) and Port Discovery Children's Museum.
Just blocks beyond the waterfront sit the Convention Center, baseball stadium Oriole Park at Camden Yards (the name of the original railroad station) and M & T Bank Stadium, home of two-time Super Bowl champions Baltimore Ravens (2000 and 2012).
To really appreciate Charm City, you need to wander the many distinctive neighborhoods. Such areas as Fell's Point, Canton, Federal Hill, Little Italy and Mount Vernon contain treasures -- historic, culinary, cultural and otherwise -- that are ripe for discovery. Some of the neighborhoods are within walking distance of the Inner Harbor. If your feet start complaining, the city provides free transportation on the Charm City Circulator (three routes). The Water Taxi Harbor Connector does what it says -- connects interesting spots along the Inner Harbor. The light-rail system is another option.
The cruise port of Baltimore serves as a homeport, with several ships sailing to Bermuda, the Caribbean, the Bahamas, New England and the Canadian Maritimes. About 90 percent of passengers embarking at the Port of Baltimore live within easy driving distance. Baltimore Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is 10 miles away and operates as a major Southwest Airlines hub that brings in cruisers from other states. Additionally, the BWI Amtrak Station is adjacent to the airport and just a shuttle bus away. The historic and architecturally stunning Amtrak Penn Station is conveniently located in Baltimore and worth a visit even if you aren't taking the train.
Baltimore sits on the Patapsco River, which feeds into the Chesapeake Bay and meets the Atlantic Ocean just past Cape Charles and Virginia Beach. The trip to open ocean can take anywhere from eight to 12 hours. However, gamblers eager to try their luck don't have to wait for international waters: The casinos open once the vessels pass under the Francis Scott Key Bridge, about a half hour from the port.