Gibraltar Cruise Port
Port of Gibraltar: An Overview
Gibraltar may well be a British Crown Colony but geographically it's an isthmus of Spain (you can walk across the road, though you do have to pass by some pretty tough customs guards). This proximity over the years has caused no end of irritation on the part of the Spanish government. In fact, during his reign, Ferdinand Franco (who served as dictatorial prime minister until the 1970s) was so upset by England's refusal to cede the territory to Spain that he closed the border and cut off telephone communications.
Did you know the Rock, that famous promontory in the Bay of Gibraltar, actually faces Spain and not the Strait of Gibraltar leading into the Mediterranean? Once any cloud cover clears, and the entire enormity of it is revealed, though, it's an amazing sight visible from the cruise ship docks.
There is an ongoing, off-and-on quarrel between Britain and Spain about who owns Gibraltar. The Spanish believe that because it's attached to Spain, it should belong to Spain. But the locals have voted twice to stay with Britain. As far as they are concerned, they are British and do not want Spanish citizenship.
The 1,400-foot-high "rock" is a limestone formation, riddled with as many as 140 caves. Remains of pre-Neanderthal humans have been found inside the rock and in areas surrounding it, but the territory's more recent history is both turbulent and inspiring.
Over time, populated by Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Muslims, Moors, Spanish, Dutch and finally the British, the town of Gibraltar was formed in the 11th century by North African Islamics. The city is said to be "British Colonial built on Spanish Colonial built on Moorish." And that is exactly what the charming city resembles, with all of the influences present in its architecture.
Owing its current status to Lord Nelson (who protected it during the Great Siege in the late 1700s), there are several monuments honoring the admiral, and museum exhibits explain the most recent history of the region. The strategic location of the territory has caused it to be used over the centuries as a fortified battlement, and in fact, the Rock itself has over 30 miles of roads within it.
Traveling to the top of the Rock is almost mandatory and is easily accomplished via land tours or a quick cable car trip. At the top is a splendid nature reserve, and along the way, you can visit with the Barbary macaques (usually referred to as Barbary apes even though they are monkeys), the only free-living primates in Europe, and the Barbary partridges. Both creatures are unique to Gibraltar.
Beyond the Rock and the handful of museums, the old town of Gibraltar consists of a main street jammed with tiny shops and a handful of famous British chains, such as Marks & Spencer, BHS and Dorothy Perkins. For North Americans, however, there are few bargains because prices are in the Gibraltar pound, which is equivalent to the British pound sterling.
As for the future of the territory, it is claimed that as long as the Barbary apes inhabit Gibraltar, it will remain a British colony. You can bet that the apes are prized and pampered and coddled, and have no plans to leave the Rock anytime soon.
--By Sarah Holt, Cruise Critic contributor
Ships dock at Gibraltar Cruise Terminal just a mile from the center of town.
The cruise ship terminal is small but offers international telephones, a snack outlet and a couple of touristy trinket kiosks for souvenirs. There are counters for taxis and tourist information.
The Cable Car: You can take the cable car from Main Street to the top of the Rock and see both Spain in Europe and Morocco in Africa; the trip takes six minutes to ascend the 1,000 feet to the top and runs every 10 to 15 minutes throughout the day. Huge queues can form when cruise ships come into port. A top tip is to buy your tickets online in advance, and you can skip at least some of the queues. There is a restaurant, souvenir shop and pub at the summit. On your way up or down, you can stop to see the Barbary apes at "The Apes' Den," near the middle cable car station. Others can be seen at the top. The tailless Barbary apes will visit with you, but beware -- they love snatching purses, cameras, hats and sunglasses. Cost is about 15 euros for the round trip fare, including a stop to see the apes. (Main Street; +350 200 12760; open daily, 9:30 a.m. to 7:15 p.m.)
St. Michael's Cave: Also known as Cathedral Cave, the unique geophysical properties of Upper St. Michael's Cave, descending some 250 feet below the entrance, makes it ideally acoustic, and part of it is set up as a concert venue. These days, classical music is piped through for tourists, but the chambers are still used for concerts, solo performances and ballets. Entry is free with a cable car ticket. (St. Michael's Road; open daily, 9 a.m. to 5.45 p.m.)
Shopping: Gibraltar is tax-free, and the shopping is lovely. There are British stores like Marks and Spencer, Spanish stores, and some that are unique to this multiethnic community. Linens and Spanish mantillas (lace or silk shawls) are available in the main square at most reasonable prices; leather goods and clothing can be found along the pedestrians-only main street that winds its way to the Alameda Gardens at the foot of the Rock.
Lower St. Michael's Cave: A tour here is not for the faint of heart, nor for the physically challenged. It requires descending several hundred feet using ropes, pulleys, ramps cut into the stone and scary walks across slippery and narrow pediments. At the end of it, though, you come upon an underground lake surrounded with magnificent stalactites and stalagmites dating from millions of years ago. There is a small entry charge.
World War II Tunnels: Located halfway down the Rock, these tunnels were excavated between 1939 and 1944 by the Royal Engineers and a contingent of Canadian Engineers, and are an extension to The Great Siege Tunnels excavated during The Great Siege of 1779 to 1783. Guided tours here take around 40 minutes and take in static exhibitions and photographic displays. (Open Monday to Saturday, 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.)
Dolphin Spotting: Several companies (and cruise ship excursions) offer tours into the Bay of Gibraltar, where three species of dolphins (common dolphin, striped dolphin and bottlenose dolphin) live and play. Not only are you more than likely to come face to face with these exuberant mammals (or the occasional whale!), but it's also the best opportunity you have for taking photos of the Rock itself.
Diving: Gibraltar is surrounded by more than 30 wrecks and reefs and is a diving haven for experienced divers, but even novices can take a short "resort course" and go out for a few hours at shallower depths. If your ship is in port until late, night diving is also available.
Bird-watching: Multiple bird species are found migrating through the Strait of Gibraltar. If you are a nature lover, you will be entranced during a bird-watching outing that you will enjoy tremendously. Migrating birds are seen almost all times of the year. Depending on when you visit, you might see white storks, honey buzzards, short-toed eagles and various other species of sea and land birds. And Gibraltar has its own, the Barbary partridge, which, like the apes, can only be found there.
On Foot: Gibraltar covers about 4 square miles, so you theoretically could do everything on foot, but it's impractical because of the vertical geography of the Rock. The town center is just a mile from the dock and is a relatively easy stroll.
By Bus: Public buses are an easy way to get around this small region. There are five bus routes in Gibraltar (numbered 1 to 5), and buses run to most areas of the territory apart from the Upper Rock. Take Route 2 from Line Wall Road south of Casemates Square if you want to head out to Europa Point, the bottom tip of Gibraltar. You can buy single tickets or day passes for a few pounds or euros.
By Taxi: In town, taxis are readily available but fairly pricy relative to the short distances traveled. If you want to share a mini-bus up to the top of the Rock, you're looking at a cost of about ?15, and you'll have to pay the Nature Reserve entry price on top of that.
Food and Drink
Most of the lunch spots in the tourist areas of Gibraltar serve British "pub-style" food, but try to find one that serves Gibraltar's specialty dishes; calentita, a delicacy made from chickpea flour; pinchitos, which are meat kebabs cooked over hot coals; and torta de acelgas, a spinach tart. Also consider a walk around the seafront or marina to explore many little bars and pubs that have "proper tapas," the Spanish influence is quite evident and appropriate for this location.
Gibraltar's most famous cocktail is the John Collins. Ingredients are two shots of gin, a dash of angostura bitters, a dash of bitter lemon and lime juice, topped up with soda.
Verdi Verdi: This reasonably priced restaurant uses fresh, locally sourced ingredients and is the place to go for local dishes, seafood, vegetarian dishes, sandwiches and cakes. (2A Main Street; +350 200 60733; open Monday to Friday, 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., closed weekends)
Star Bar: Located in Parliament Lane just off Main Street, Star Bar is the oldest tavern in Gibraltar. The menu offers burritos, burgers and breakfast all day, in addition to some delicious desserts. (12 Parliament Lane; +350 200 75924; open daily, 7 a.m. to 11 p.m.)
Cafe Solo: For pizzas, pastas and salads, try Cafe Solo, a Mediterranean-themed restaurant in Grand Casemates Square. Diners can take advantage of free Wi-Fi. (3 Casemates Square; +350 200 44449; open daily, 8 a.m. to 11 p.m.)
Biancas: Eat inside or out at Biancas, a restaurant-bar-cafe in Marina Bay. The eatery serves typically British food, including fish and chips and roasts. A kids' menu is available. (6/7 Admiral's Walk; +350 200 73379; bar and cafe open daily, 9 a.m. to 11 p.m., restaurant open daily, noon to 10:45 p.m.)
The Angry Friar: This pub offers traditional British fare -- steak and kidney pie and pints of ale -- and is located on the main shopping street with a big outdoor patio. (287 Main Street; +350 200 71570; open Monday to Sunday, 9 a.m. to midnight)
The Clipper: Located in Irishtown, this place serves pub fare and with British news channels on the bar's television, it attracts a great blend of locals and visitors. (Tuckey's Lane and Irish Place; +350 200 78666; open Monday to Saturday, 9:30 a.m. to 11 p.m.)
Good to Know
The crime rate in Gibraltar is low, but like everywhere else, it makes sense to look after your belongings when out and about.
When close to the apes, do not touch or feed them -- after all they are wild animals. They are looked after by the government, and veterinarian care is provided by the Gibraltar Veterinary Clinic. The apes are fed a daily supply of fresh water and vegetables, fruit and seeds as supplement to natural food resources -- leaves, olives, roots, seeds and flowers.
Currency & Best Way to Get Money
Currency is the British pound, though banks issue their own notes and coins. British pounds are accepted everywhere, and euros are accepted almost everywhere. For updated currency conversion rates, visit www.oanda.com or www.xe.com.
Ask for change in British pounds because it is hard to exchange Gibraltar currency outside the territory. ATMs dispense either British pounds or Gibraltar pounds. A Gibraltar 5 pence coin makes an unusual souvenir because it has a monkey on it. Shuttles at the cruise dock accept U.S. dollars. Gibraltar is a VAT-free jurisdiction.
English is the official language in Gibraltar, but most locals also speak Spanish. Other languages are Berber, Arabic and Hindi because of the varied ethnic groups who live here. Hebrew is spoken by the Jewish community, and Maltese is spoken by some families. Locals sometimes speak Llanito, unique to Gibraltar and based on Andalusian Spanish.
Gibraltar Crystal is available in many of the shops in town. Items are produced in Gibraltar and entirely handmade; you can watch them being formed and even design your own pieces, from wineglasses to large vases. The glass factory is located in an old army barracks in the town square. Linens are also popular souvenirs.
A wide array of stuffed monkeys are also available on the Rock, meant to capitalize on the Barbary apes that call the region home. Never mind that the apes have no tails and most of the stuffed animals do -- they're fun and range from teeny squeakers to great big, fat and fluffy stuffed companions.
Gibraltar's most famous cocktail is the John Collins. Ingredients are two shots of gin, a dash of Angostura bitters, a dash of bitter lemon and lime juice, topped up with soda.
Gibraltar: Navigator of the Seasferret27asFuture visits will be arranged as it was a bit of a rush if you want to do the Rock. ... Read more
Gibraltar: Independence of the SeasSandrasculExtra short visit quite a lot of shops still open so had bit of shopping prices good there. Then nice drink in the square nice visit ... Read more
Some good places to go to but not very clean in places. ... Read more
Gibraltar: Britanniawatsonlso easy to do own thing and always a favourite for shopping and sitting with a coffee and watching the sights. ... Read more
Gibraltar: ArcadiaSybellaWe walked off and I pushed mum to Main Street. Did a bit of shopping. Walk took about 20mins pushingvtge wheelchair in the heat. ... Read more
Gibraltar: Navigator of the SeasjsiddiqueThe taxi drivers refused to take us up the rock as we were just a party of 3, and their people carriers took 8. ... Read more
Gibraltar: Celebrity Reflectionturbomaniacinstead of the cable car you can take local bus tour for 30 per person. Gibraltar is duty free, so its perfect for gemstones shopping ... Read more
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