The Middle East's exotic aura attracts history buffs and adventure seekers looking to expand their cultural horizons. Egypt's pyramids and Jordan's lost city of Petra are must-see landmarks, while souks (markets), breathtaking mosques and desert safaris also make for great exploring. Arabian Gulf cruises to the United Arab Emirates and Oman provide a look at the modern-day Middle East, with the world's biggest buildings and malls.
Egypt had a tough time throughout the Arab Spring uprising and in its wake. 2011 was the beginning of years of political instability and terrorism-related disasters for the country. Tourism figures plummeted from 14.7 million in 2010 to around 5.4 million in 2016, bringing Nile cruises almost to a