Plaza de la Vergin: A walk around Plaza de la Vergin and the cathedral quarter is a must. With vast plazas, fanciful fountains, a 2,000-year history and beautiful churches like the Basilica of the Virgin, this region lies right in the centre of Valencia and at the heart of its cultural life, rivalling Italy in architectural beauty. The city's oldest district, Barrio del Carmen -- which lies between the ancient Islamic and Christian city walls -- is particularly rewarding. Its labyrinthine cobbled streets, lined with medieval houses and guarded by two ancient towers, will make you feel like a time traveller.
Plaza del Mercado: Valencia's historic market is an easy walk from the cathedral and is well worth a visit. Architecture buffs will enjoy its colonnaded, two-tier market hall, which was built in 1914 and is a prime example of Modernist architecture. Foodies may be more interested in the vast array of goodies on its 400 or so stalls -- at least one of which specializes entirely in Spanish and international beers. The area around the market, rich in pretty plant stalls and cafes, is a good place to grab a coffee and watch the Valencian world go round. (Plaza del Mercado; 34 963 829 100; open Monday to Saturday, 8 a.m. to 3 p.m., closed Sundays)
Plaza del Ayuntamiento: A triangular area enlivened by a spectacular central fountain and colorful flower stalls, Plaza del Ayuntamiento is the very heart of local life. It's home to some of Valencia's most eye-catching buildings, including the Estacion del Norte rail station, the Ayuntamiento de Valencia (town hall) and the Edificio de Correos (Central Post Office).
The City of Arts and Sciences: This vast, futuristic complex comprises a range of attractions, including an IMAX theater; Europe's largest aquarium, the Oceanografic; a science museum, and an avant-garde opera house. Like much of Valencia's parkland, it lies in what was formerly the bed of the Turia River. Entrance fees are complicated, as they depend on which attractions you want to visit. More information can be found at the city's reservations center. (34 902 100 031; open daily, 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. in high season)
Turia Gardens: Turia Gardens is a nearly six-mile stretch of the Turia river bed that runs right across Valencia. It has been transformed into beautiful parkland and now acts as a 'lung' for this bustling city -- and a haven for locals and visitors who like to get back to nature. If you want to get even closer to nature, the wild and beautiful Albufera Nature Reserve is a six-mile cab ride from downtown.
Bioparc: Valencia's 21st-century version of a zoo is designed to offers its inhabitants -- which include hippos, gorillas, leopards, lions, rhinos and meerkats -- as natural a habitat as possible by recreating the ecosystems of the Madagascan forests and equatorial Africa. (Avenida Pio Baroja 3; 34 902 250 340; open daily 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. in summer, 6 p.m. in winter; entrance fee applies)