Norfolk's waterfront maritime attractions: At Nauticus, the main attractions include a hands-on ocean-related science and technology center and battleship U.S.S. Wisconsin, one of the last battleships built by the U.S. Navy; it earned five battle stars during World War II and is docked adjacent to the center. Inside Nauticus, there's also the Hampton Roads Naval Museum, focusing on all things naval.
You can also take the 2-hour Victory Rover Naval Base Cruise from Nauticus to see the world's largest naval facility; the narrated cruise goes past aircraft carriers, nuclear subs and guided missile cruisers. Tickets are available at Nauticus or buy a combo with Nauticus admission. Open daily 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. in summer; from Labor Day to Memorial Day, open Tuesday through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sundays noon to 5 p.m. (One Waterside Drive; 757-664-1000 or 757-627-7406 for the sightseeing cruise).
Armed Forces Memorial: Nearby on the waterfront in Town Point Park is the Armed Forces Memorial (look for the large American flag), which features poignant letters, cast in bronze, from soldiers who did not make it back from battle.
Douglas MacArthur Memorial: Just a few blocks from the port, another fascinating military-oriented museum is the Douglas MacArthur Memorial, which features exhibits and artifacts from the Spanish American War, World Wars I and II, the occupation of Japan and the Korean War. Open daily, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. (MacArthur Square, 421 E. City Hall Avenue; 757-441-2965)
Historic walking tour: Tour historic Norfolk on foot via Journey to Freedom, Hampton Roads' Cannonball Trail and the Underground Railroad. It begins at 401 East Freemason Street and winds through downtown, pointing out about 40 points of historic interest.
Chrysler Museum of Art and Glass Studio: The city's art showplace features permanent exhibitions of American and European masterpieces along with collections of decorative arts and glass. It's in the Neon arts district. Free admission. Open Tuesday through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday noon to 5 p.m. (1 Memorial Place, glass studio at 745 Duke Street; 757-664-6200)
Neighborhoods: Ghent is Norfolk's fashionable historic neighborhood, with plenty of boutiques, antique shops, restaurants and cafes especially around Colonial and Colley Streets. Architecture buffs will enjoy admiring examples of Tudor Revival, Colonial Revival and Queen Anne styles. Drive there from the ship pier.
A newer hotspot, the Neon District, borders Ghent to the south and is Norfolk's first official arts district. Centered on Granby Street, the area features public art and murals, performance venues including the historic opera house and art galleries, plus plenty of places to eat.
Minor League Baseball: The AAA Norfolk Tides is the Triple-A affiliate of the Baltimore Orioles, and a member of the International League. The season runs April through Labor Day. (Harbor Park, 150 Park Avenue)
Boat Tour: Go for a sail on a three-masted ship. American Rover Tall Ship offers two-hour narrated trips on a schooner-style vessel. (333 Waterside Drive; 757-627-7245)
Norfolk Botanical Gardens: The 175-acre Norfolk Botanical Gardens is the largest botanical garden in Virginia. Stroll paved and unpaved paths to see the flower gardens, butterfly house and large children's garden, all set against a waterside backdrop. You can take tram or boat tours to see the gardens if you prefer not to walk. The botanical garden is located by the airport, about 25 minutes from the cruise port. Open daily 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. (6700 Azalea Garden Road; 757-441-5830)
Virginia Zoo: More than 700 animals live at Norfolk's 100-year-old zoo. Areas are themed around world regions, including Africa, Asia, Australia and North America; visitors can also tour the World of Reptiles, zoo farm and themed gardens. It's a 15-minute drive from the port. Open daily 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (3500 Granby Street; 757-441-2374)
If you're spending time in Norfolk before your cruise, consider tacking on a few days to visit renowned area attractions.
Historic Colonial Williamsburg: About an hour away; this living history museum features a view of American life from 1699 to 1780 and encompasses more than 500 buildings, homes, trade shops and taverns. (101 Visitor Center Drive, Williamsburg; 888-965-7254)
The Historic Jamestowne Visitor Center: This attraction brings to life the first permanent English settlement in North America, with exhibits and an active archeology dig at the original site. Open daily 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (1368 Colonial Parkway, Williamsburg; 757-856-1250)
The Yorktown Battlefield: The site of the Revolutionary War's last battle, it's a national historical park. Ranger-led tours and programs are available throughout the year. Open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily. (1000 Colonial Parkway, Yorktown; 757-898-2410)
Busch Gardens: Also near the city of Williamsburg is this fabulous European-themed park with main stage productions and some 35 rides. (One Busch Gardens Blvd.; 757-229-4386)
Sun-lovers should head to nearby Virginia Beach (a 20-minute drive) where there's a rollicking boardwalk (you can rent bikes and roller blades) and beach scene.
Beyond beaches, key attractions in Virginia Beach include Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center with its 800,000-gallon open-air ocean aquarium (717 General Booth Blvd., Virginia Beach; 757-385-FISH); and First Landing State Park, with 2,888 acres of marshes, mosses, and forests plus 20 miles of hiking and cycling trails (2500 Shore Drive, Virginia Beach; 757-412-2300).