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Portofino is so quintessentially Italian, so synonymous with the Italian Riviera, that it's hard to imagine that at one time it was actually part of France ... but it was! From 1805 to 1815 that feisty little self-proclaimed "Emperor" Napoleon Bonaparte decided to annex the entire region into his empire.
Originally named Portus Delphini for the abundance of dolphins in the sea around it, Portofino had been under the rule of the Abbey at San Fruttuoso -- over the ridge of the promontory -- for over two centuries. Then it was annexed into the Republic of Genoa in the 12th century, followed pretty much the history of the Ligurian region, and then Napoleon got it for 10 years, then it went back to Italy. It was primarily a protected little fishing village until the 1950's, when one or two of the beautiful people found it, told their friends, who told their friends and so on. And then some friends told the paparazzi and the rich and famous moved to the hills and cliffs above the sea.
The town sits on a tiny bay within the Gulf of Tigullio; pastel-colored buildings rim the harbor while the verdant land surrounding it rises almost vertically. It's a naturally beautiful environment, so much so that the promontory to the north of the village has been designated a national park, complete with paths and trails for all to enjoy. The sea surrounding it has also been declared a national park and a diver's and snorkeler's haven, where red coral grows and flourishes. A bit further out at sea is the "Cetacean Sanctuary," where whales and dolphins congregate peacefully. It's La Dolce Vida for everyone: fish, fowl and Homo sapiens.
The yachts that line the harbor give one a sense of what the village has in store -- aside from the beautiful ancient buildings with their trompe l'oeil facades, the stunning backdrop of sapphire-colored water and scarlet bougainvilleas trailing down the mountainsides, the slight scent of pine and olives perfuming the air. There's Louis Vuitton! Ferragamo! Gucci! There's Cartier and Hermes! There's a cafe where for a cool $10 you can buy yourself a Coke or a cup of coffee! Oh, all of these and more are within view, but it's the natural beauty of the place that can make you breathless.
If you're in Portofino in mid-summer, you're likely to be shoulder to shoulder with hundreds of other tourists. Do your exploring early and come back to the village in the afternoon when the crowds thin and you can actually see what all the hoopla is about. You'll be hooked.
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Other Western Mediterranean Cruise Ports:
Barcelona • Cannes • Capri • Corsica (Ajaccio) • Elba • Florence (Livorno) • Fuerteventura • Genoa • Gibraltar • Ibiza • La Palma • Lanzarote • Las Palmas • Lisbon • Madeira (Funchal) • Malaga • Malta (Valletta) • Marseille • Monaco • Naples • Nice • Palermo • Palma de Mallorca • Portofino • Positano (Amalfi) • Rome (Civitavecchia) • Saint-Tropez • Sardinia • Sete • Seville (Cadiz) • Sorrento • Taormina (Messina) • Tenerife • Tunis (La Goulette) • Venice • Villefranche
Ordinarily we would have said to buy a bottle of the local olive oil or walnut oil that helps make the region famous, but with airline restrictions on carrying liquids, we have to change direction. Portofino is also well-known for its "macrame lace," which is created by women in the village and surrounding towns as taught by their mothers and grandmothers before them. And you can at least bring home a package of trofie, a handmade pasta that's a regional favorite.
Italian, but you're likely to hear English, French and German as well.
Currency & Best Way to Get Money
Currency in Italy is the euro. There are two ATM's near the main square. Banks won't exchange traveler's checks, so you have to go to the post office or to the change booth, located just off the main square near one of the ATM's. For up-to-the-minute exchange rates, be sure to check www.xe.com.
Where You're Docked
Portofino is a tender port. Tenders arrive at the yacht moorage in the center of town. Editor's Note: Some larger ships visiting the area are required to tender off the coast of Santa Margherita, a little over two miles south, and are bussed into Portofino.
Once you exit the tender, you can spend quite awhile gawking at the luxurious yachts that surround you. Depending on the time of your visit, who knows ... you might see the likes of George Clooney or Donatella Versace lunching on the aft end of their multi-million dollar toys (they do that, you know). Otherwise, you can amble around the main plaza (the Piazzetta), up to the church (St. Martin), back down again, and stick your head into any one of the uber-upscale shops that line the alleyways. Armani, Dolce and Gabbana, and Missoni all have retail outlets in Portofino too -- but don't expect steep discounts.
If you are just visiting the town of Portofino for the day, walking is the best way to see everything. If you are going to other areas, you can walk to Santa Margherita Ligure along the seawall or you can take a shuttle bus (arriving every 20 minutes), cab (both available at the main plaza), or by Tigullio ferry (the times vary from season to season). Visit www.traghettiportofino.it, and from there you can catch a train to Genoa, Rapallo and other regional cities. For schedules, see www.trenitalia.it.
Watch Out For
It isn't the pickpockets who can grab hold of your wallet; it's the shopkeepers and cafes. Portofino is expensive, from a fridge magnet souvenir to a little cup of coffee.
St. George Sanctuary (Chiesa di San Giorgio, Phone: 0185-269-337): If you're going to be in Portofino in the middle of summer, take an early tender to avoid the heat for this walk. At the western end of the yacht harbor is a trail that has you walking uphill quite a ways (about 15 minutes for a good walker, half an hour for a slower walker). The scenery is absolutely beautiful and the trail is easy. During the Roman period, the sanctuary had a dual role: church and observation fortress. Indeed, the views from here are spectacular, down to the town and to the sea, with the boats and yachts in the harbor and the hills covered in flowers, vines and trees. The church and its fortress are open daily until 7 p.m.
The Brown Castle (Phone: 0185-267-101 or 0185-269-046): Just 10 minutes further uphill from the church (via a steep stairway), you come to this crenellated fortress, originally built in the 1400's (and added onto over time) as a lookout over the northern Tyrrhenian Sea and the Tigullio Gulf to protect the region from marauding Turks. Admission is 5 euros (or about $7) and free for those under 13. The architecture and artifacts are worth the price of admission, but the spectacular views are priceless. (Editor's Note: Look for the photos of the movie stars and heads-of-state who have also visited this museum.) Continue up another 10 minutes, through pine forests with well-marked trails, and you will come to the faro, or lighthouse, with a view over the entire promontory and as far as Genoa.
Museo del Parco (Centro Internazionale di Scultura all'aperto, Molo Umberto I', Phone: 337-333-737, closed Wednesdays): This outdoor sculpture garden features works from many Italian artists. It's spectacular to see these sculptures while looking out over the yacht harbor and the sea as you stroll up the path. It is an incline, but not too steep; the paths zig-zag as they climb.
Been There, Done That
San Fruttuoso di Camogli: The incredibly gorgeous 10th-century Benedictine Abbey (Abbazia di San Fruttuoso) tucked into a cleft in the cliffs, is worth a visit for the scenery that surrounds it as well as for a glimpse of the church itself. If you start out early enough, you can walk through the national park and over the promontory (about two hours) and take a boat back for 6.50 euros (about $8.25), or you can take the boat roundtrip for 9 euros (about $11.50). If it's not too hot you can walk back too. The Abbey is open daily from May to September, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. and costs 4 euros (about $5) per adult and 2.50 euros (about $3.25) per child under 12.
Rapallo and the Funicular to Santuario di Montallegro (Phone: 018-552-341 or 018-523-9017): You can take a boat from the dock in Portofino to Rapallo for 9 euros (about $11) roundtrip. Then, in the center of town, you can take the funicular, which was built in the 1930's, to the top of the mountain (a seven-minute ride) to see the exquisite 16th-century Sanctuary of Montallegro, 600 meters (1,970 feet) above the town. The funicular costs 7.75 euros (about $10) roundtrip and is open from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and then from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. daily.
A Day at the Beach: There's so much to do and see in the region that it can occasionally be overwhelming. For those who choose to just relax and rest on a beach and enjoying the Italian Riviera's sunshine, the best alternative is in Santa Margherita, at The Bay of Paraggi, which is the closest sandy beach in the area. And the protected cove and crystal waters are beautiful, too. Bus from the town square in Portofino for 1 euro, (about $1.30) or take a boat roundtrip for 7 euros (about $9.25).
Whale Watching: If you are visiting on a Thursday, you are lucky. The summer months are when the whales and dolphins play around these waters, in the newly formed French and Italian "Cetacean Sanctuary," and from June to September, you can take a reasonably priced excursion from Santa Margherita Ligure. The tours leave at 10:30 a.m., so you have to get an early tender and grab the boat from the Portofino dock to Sta. Margherita (7 euros or about $9.50), and for about 32 euros (about $41) you can experience the whales of the region.
Scuba and Snorkeling: Because the waters surrounding Portofino have been designated an underwater national park, the reefs are clean and healthy. Rare red coral grows here, under ideal conditions. Two wrecks are available as dive sites as well. Several companies offer both scuba and snorkeling trips, some in Portofino and some in Santa Margherita Ligure. Prices range from 25 euros for snorkeling to about 75 euros for a double dive. Equipment rental is extra. Some of the companies providing the service are: DWS Diving Center,
No Stress Diving Center and Fins and Fans.
Cuisine in the Ligurian region of Italy combines the best of the fresh seafood available (in seacoast towns) and the best of the region's special fresh herbs, olive oil and nuts. Pesto was "invented" in this area, the basil leaves being small, light-colored and sweet. The local olive oil is lighter too than in other regions. An abundance of pine nuts, chestnuts and walnuts play a large part in regional fare as well.
If there is one specialty that's typically regional, it would be "pansotti," a large triangular-shaped ravioli filled with cheese and herbs or vegetables and covered with a walnut sauce. Most of the trattorias serve these and other regional fare along with the Ligurian version of bouillabaisse, a fish and seafood stew in a tomato base.
Ristorante Puny (Piazza Martiri dell'Olivetta 5, Phone: 0185-269-037, closed Monday and Tuesday): Okay, it's true ... we love the name of the place. But beyond that, it's got three things going for it: It's located on the main plaza in Portofino overlooking the yachts, it's a place that locals frequent, and the food is really good. Choose from lighter fare such as pastas and salads or more robust dishes like fish or veal. Take plenty of cash ... a meal will cost at least $35 -- before wine -- and the restaurant doesn't take credit cards.
Il Pitosforo (Molo Umberto I, 9, Phone: 0185-269-020, closed Monday and Tuesday): Also in the main plaza is this little restaurant that fronts the yacht harbor. Claiming to be "famous all over the world," the 55-year-old restaurant serving Mediterranean and Ligurian cuisine is owned by the Vinelli family and features regional specialties designed by Chef Marco Vinelli.
Trattoria Concordia (4, Via Del Fondaco, Phone: 0185-269-207): For a less-expensive (that's relative in Portofino) alternative away from the seafront, try this little trattoria located next to the police station. It's popular with locals and offers regional specialties and pizza, plus other lighter fare.
La Terrazza (Hotel Splendido, Salita Baratta, 16 Phone: 0185-267-801, open everyday): This exclusive Orient-Express hotel is perched cliffside overlooking the town and its harbor. The hotel is world renown for its views and elegant atmosphere; the creations of Chef Corrado Corti are what the hotel calls "extremely flamboyant." So are the prices, where a nice lunch with fabulous views can set you back $200 -- or more! -- for six courses. For about half of that, you can dine on the "light lunch" offered in both the restaurant and around the pool. And by the way, wine is extra.
Rapallo and Sestri Levanti: Travel to these two communities (and back) via motor launch from the dock in Portofino. With time to spend in both cities after guided tours, the entire excursion takes about four hours and gives an overview of the region. Alternate choices include Rapallo and Santa Margherita Ligure. $89 - $159.
Camogli and the Abbey of San Fruttuoso: This is another tour that's conducted by boat from the pier in Portofino; sail around the promontory to the town of Camogli with its colorful houses, busy little harbor and the region's aquarium, and visit the Abbey of San Fruttuoso. Fancy villas visible only from the sea will be identified by the guides as you sail along. $89 – $159.
Hotel Splendido Tasting Menu: The nice thing about doing this tour is that the Maitre d' and/or the chef comes out to explain the use of ingredients and how each is used. You'll learn the difference between the different olive oils used, for example, and be able to taste each of them. The menu is fixed, which means that you have no choice in what you order, which could be the downside of this trip. Plan on a leisurely three hours. $199 - $279.
Genoa and The Maritime Republic: You start with a boat trip to either Rapallo or Santa Margherita Ligure and continue by motor coach to Genoa, the largest city on the Ligurian Coast, the ancient seat of government for the region and the birthplace of Christopher Columbus. You'll visit museums, cathedrals, galleries and have the opportunity to shop and have lunch. Tours range from approximately five to six and a half hours and cost between $89 and $159 per person.
Staying in Touch
For Internet service in Portofino, you can check out one of the hotels to see if you can buy time on theirs;otherwise, you have to go to Santa Margherita Ligure to find an Internet cafe.
Editor's Note: Due to an anti-terrorism law passed in Italy in 2005, all passengers wishing to use the Internet in a public facility must present an internationally recognized document (or a passport) to the establishment providing public communication services.
For More Information
On the Web: Portofino Tourist Office (Via Roma 35, Phone: 0185-269-024)
Cruise Critic Message Boards: Mediterranean: Eastern & Western
Independent Traveler: Europe Exchange
--by San Diego-based Jana Jones, who is the creator and editor of lodging Web site Sleeping-Around.com, as well as one of Cruise Critic's stalwart ship reviewers.