Livorno wasn't on the drop down menu, so I am putting this under Florence, as that is the billed port for Livorno. Florence is about a 90 minute bus ride from Livorno, and we just weren't interested, so we didn't go. We opted instead for nearby Pisa and opted to go on our own. First, we paid 10 euros each for the round trip shuttle bus transfer to Livorno center from the pier. The bus lets you off in the center of town, but not at the train station, so then we had to take a city bus (1.70 euro each if you buy on board - better have small change) which left from nearby to the train station. Since Livorno doesn't really seem worthy of spending too much time in, it would have been nice if the cruise line had some shuttle buses straight to the station! We bought tickets for Pisa (about 10euros for one adult and one child round trip) and took the train ride which was under 30 minutes. The walk from the station to the duomo and leaning tower is pretty long but pleasant enough, and we realluy enjoyed wandering around the duomo and looking at the ridiculous leaning tower. We didn't go up, but it seemed easy enough to buy tickets. We had a quick ice cream and started walking back to the station but half way saw a bus and hopped on that (another several euros). It took us a little bit to figure out the train schedule back, but with a wait of about 20 minutes, did get the train (they don't go so often, so don't cut it too tight). Then the reverse of finding the right bus to the center, and another several euros, and then the shuttle bus back to the pier. It was a pretty fun excursion, and I do like to do things on my own. In retrospect, however, it might have been better on this occassion to book the ship's tour to Pisa which would not have cost much more (given the shuttle tickets, bus tickets and train tickets) and would have left directly from the ship rather than having to keep changing transportation. I also had enough Italian (from one semester in high school!) to navigate, but it could have been harder for someone with no Italian.